This article covers what incoterms are, why you need them and what you need to do.
Incoterms describe the commercial arrangement between the buyer and the seller. They provide standardised and agreed reference points between a buyer and a seller in a Sales or Shipping Contract.
Incoterms help facilitate International trade by clarifying who is responsible for various customs formalities as well as when the ownership and risk transfers between parties during the sales and transportation process.
Incoterms have three stages in a transport journey:
These stages split into 11 Incoterms but four of these are specific to ocean freight transport (FCL / LCL) only.
The seven that relates to all modes of transport; including carriage by road are:
EXW: Ex Works
FCA: Free Carrier
CPT: Carriage Paid to (named place)
CIP: Carriage Paid & Insurance to (named place)
DAP: Delivered at Named Place
DPU: Delivered at Named Place, Unloaded
DDP: Delivery Duty Paid
Incoterms are normally recorded on a contract of sale but to necessitate international transport, they should also be stated on all commercial invoices pertaining to all consignments.
|Transfer of Risk||Yes|
|Separation of Costs||Yes|
|Mode of Transport||Yes|
|Dispute of Payment||No|
|Arbitration||Only if specified in Sales Contract|
Review, amend, clarify and approve your incoterms now. This is imperative so you understand and can minimise potential costs and risks.
Incoterms are not a complete contract of sales but a very important part of it.
If you have any questions relating to Incoterms, speak to the McCulla Ireland customs team today. Find out more about our Customs Clearance Service here.